Ji, Zhongdu, Dadu, and Peking are some of the names Beijing has been known by over the years. Beijing has been the capital city of China since King Wu first declared it so in 1057 BC. Beijing City is an independently administered municipal district. She is situated in the northeastern part of China at an elevation of 43.5m above sea level. Beijing has a continental monsoon climate with four distinct seasons. Spring and autumn are short while winter and summer are long. Winters are cold and dry; summers are hot. January is the coldest month (-4 Celsius), while July is the warmest (26 Celsius). Click here to read more
- March 10 – Monks commemorate a 1959 Tibetan uprising against China.
- March 11 – Tibetan march is blocked; marchers banned from leaving the areas outside of Dharmsala.
- March 13 – Monks begin under hunger strike; three of Lhasa's monasteries are closed.
- March 14 – Protests led by Buddhists in Lhasa, China turns violent.
Dalai Lama's involvement in Beijing Olympics
The Dalai Lama is the exiled spiritual leader of the Tibetans, who follows Lamaism. Lamaism is a part of the Myahayana school of the Buddhist religion. Buddhism is a religion based on the pursuit of nirvana, or complete enlightenment, through a series of steps that involve strict moral discipline. Lamaists believe that the Dalai Lama is continually reborn through the process of reincarnation by which the soul of a dead person moves into the body of another person and is born again. Click here to read more